Fire propagation is due to transmission of thermal energy released by the flame with adjacent combustible matter, which is progressively ignited. The entire complex mechanism of propagation is therefore associated with the presence of flames and the action of environmental factors that hinder or facilitate this mechanism. The forecasting stage of the CAE system is enhanced by tools that are indispensable to manage the resources and equipment aimed to fight fires in the fire management systems. CAE systems include forecasting models that allow showing the probable propagation of the flame front on georeferenced maps in the hours immediately after a fire hotspot has been identified. In this sense, propagation forecasting systems allow the authorities to plan the movement and operation of fire fighting vehicles and personnel on the ground during the wildfire fighting campaigns.
- Trend of wind intensity on a micro-scale